There are many different types of cricket and cricket is played on many different levels. During the continuous development of this old sport, various formats have been conceived to accommodate for specific needs brought on by factors such as time constraints, lack of ideal areas for play, limited access to equipment and problematic local weather conditions. Cricket can also be varied to fit the desired level of formality.
In professional cricket, matches that span over several days is the norm. In amateur cricket, matches that lasts longer than one day are uncommon.
According to the ICC definition, a cricket match is first-class if all of the following conditions are met:
- the match is scheduled to carry on for at least three days
- the match conforms to the Laws of Cricket, except for only minor amendments
- each side playing the match has 11 players
- each side must have two innings
- the match is played on an international standard ground
- the match is played on natural (not artificial) turf
- the sport’s governing body in the appropriate nation, or the ICC itself, recognises the match as first-class
A first-class match can be international or domestic. If the game is not completed when the allotted time, it is drawn.
Short form of cricket
While a first-class cricket match is scheduled to go on for at least three days and a one-day cricket match typically lasts for 7-8 hours, there are of course people who play shorter forms of cricket. Short form cricket has grown increasingly popular since the 1990s, especially after the introduction of the professional format Twenty20 cricket in the early 2000s.
List A cricket
Most nations where cricket is popular have some type of domestic List A competition. In a List A competition, the over limits range from forty to sixty. The term List A wasn’t officially recognised by the ICC until the year 2006.
Club cricket is formal cricket intended for amateurs. It is the most widely played type of cricket world wide. Some matches are limited-overs (typically 30-50 overs per innings), but there are also matches that are played to time restrictions. When a time restriction is imposed for the total length of the match and not for each side individually, it is known as declaration cricket and comes with its own special rules.
Club cricket is typically played on a natural grass maintained by the cricket club. Sometimes the turf pitch is artificial even though the rest of the field is natural grass. This is especially common on lower levels of club cricket.
As the name suggests, indoor cricket is played indoors. There are two main types of indoor cricket: traditional indoor cricket and softball indoor cricket. Traditional indoor cricket is played with a hard ball and is especially popular in England and the rest of the United Kingdom. Softball indoor cricket is played with a softer ball and is more popular in the Southern Hemisphere.
Examples of other forms of cricket
|Kwick cricket||A high-speed version of cricket, typically played by young children. Usually played with a plastic bat and ball. The game can accommodate more than 22 players.|
|Garden cricket||A type of information cricket popular in the United Kingdom, where it is typically played in gardens and recreation grounds.Attacking shots are forbidden and there is no concept of runs. The winning batsman is the one who can survive the longest number of deliveries.Garden cricket is often played with a tennis ball or with some other ball that is softer than a standard cricket ball.|
|Tennis-ball cricket||Tennis-ball cricket is popular in South Asia and North America, and is a bit similar to the garden cricket played in the United Kingdom.The number of overs varies from 6 to 25. In areas where baseball is more popular than cricket, a baseball diamond will often substitute for the cricket pitch.|
|French cricket||In French cricket, the ball is bowled at the legs of the batsman. The batsman’s legs form the wicket. French cricket is usually played by children, not by adults. A soft ball, such as a tennis ball, is typically used instead of a hard cricket ball.|
|Tape-ball cricket||Tape-ball cricket is played with a tennis ball covered with insulating tape. This produces a heavier ball that handles differently than a non-taped tennis ball. Tape-ball matches are usually limited over matches with 4-12 overs.Although tape-ball cricket started out as a highly informal type of cricket in Pakistan, regular tournaments are now being arranged in Karachi and Lahore.Tape-ball cricket is popular in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and is currently spreading to other South Asian countries. Tape-ball cricket has also been brought to more distant parts of the world, including Europe and North America, with Pakistani immigrants.|
|Over-60s cricket||Over-60s cricket is a slightly modified type of cricket intended for older players (60 years or more). It was first seen in Australia.|
|Kilikiti / Samoan cricket||Kilikito, also known as Samoan cricket, is played by teams comprised by anyone who wants to join, regardless of age, gender or skill-level. There is no limit to the size of a team. After originating on Samoa, the game spread to other parts of Polynesia.|