Cricket

Cricket is a bat and ball game from England played between two teams of 11 players each. It is especially popular in England and certain former British colonies.

cricketThe zenith of the international cricket calender is the ICC Cricket World Cup. It consists of preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament which is held every four years. With over 2.2 billion viewers, it is one of the world’s most viewed sporting events, surpassed only by the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics. The tournament is televised in over 200 countries.

Basic information about cricket

Cricket is played between two teams consisting of 11 players each. It is played on a field, where a rectangular 22-yard long pitch is present at the centre. Cricket is a so called safe haven game, just like baseball, softball, bat-a-trap and gilli-danda.

The bowler delivers the ball to the batsman, who tries to hit the ball with the bat. When you are the batsman, your aim is to get the ball so far away from the fielders (the members of the opposing team) that you have time to run to the other end of the pitch, thus scoring a run. You will continue to bat until you are out. When you are out, the next batsman of your team will bat. Your team will continue to bat until ten of your batsmen are out, or until a specified number of overs of six balls have been bowled. You will then switch places with the opposing team and it will be their turn to bat while you field.

Bowling
The act of delivering the cricket ball to the batsman. The person carrying out this act is called the bowler.
Over
The delivery of six consecutive legal balls by one bowler.
Innings A cricket, an innings is a fixed-length segment during which one team bats and attempts to score runs, while the other team fields and tries to prevent the batting team from scoring. (In cricket, the term innings is both singular and plural.) When an innings is over, the two teams switch places.
No ball
An illegal delivery of the cricket ball.
Examples of reasons for no ball:

- The bowler overstepping the popping crease (front-foot no ball)

- The bowler bowling a full toss above waist height (beamer)
- Breaking the return crease in the delivery stride
- Having more than two fielders (excluding the wicketkeeper) behind square on the leg side (throwing)

Team members

During a game of cricket, there are 11 players per side.

Substitute players are permitted in cases of injury, illness or fatigue, but substitute players are only allowed to act as fielders.

The Laws of Cricket

The laws of cricket is a set of rules established by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). They are used world-wide and are not under the control of the ICC. The MCC, which is is a private cricket club based in London, UK, is the copyright holder of the laws and only the MCC may change them.

Origins of cricket

The origins of cricket remains unknown, but it circumstantial evidence indicate that an early form of cricket was played by children in the Weald in South East England prior to the 13th century. For several centuries, it remained a children’s game, before being picked up by adults. Early cricket was played on sheep-grazed or in clearings.

cricket originThe earliest known use of the name cricket (although spelled creckett) is found in a 1598 court case. The court case concerns an owner dispute over a plot of land in Guildford, Surrey, and a 59-year old coroner named John Derrick testifies that he and his friends at The Royal Grammar School played creckett on the plot fifty years earlier, i.e. in mid 16th century.

Eventually, cricket turned into a game for adults and parish teams begin to form in the early 17th century. The earliest known mentioning of cricket being played by adults comes from the year 1611, when two adult men in Sussex were prosecuted for playing cricket on a Sunday instead of attending church.

From the mid 17th century, the new Puritan government enforced strict rules regarding observance of the Sabbath. Since Sunday was the only day off for workers, it became different for them to keep on playing cricket. Cricket did however flourish in public schools such as St. Paul’s and Winchester where students had time to play games during other days of the week. It was also during this period that cricket grew popular among upper class adults.

After the Restoration, sabbatical laws became more lax and it was once again permissible to play cricket on Sundays.

The International Cricket Council (ICC)

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket. Founded by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa in 1909, it was known as the Imperial Cricket Conference until 1965 when the name was changed to the International Cricket Conference. The current name (International Cricket Council) has been used since 1989.

The International Cricket Council (ICC) currently has ten full members:

Nation Governing body Member since
England England and Wales Cricket Board 15 July 1909
Australia Cricket Australia 15 July 1909
South Africa Cricket South Africa 15 July 1909
New Zealand New Zealand Cricket 31 May 1926
India Board of Control for Cricket in India 31 May 1926
West Indies West Indies Cricket Board 31 May 1926
Pakistan Pakistan Cricket Board 28 July 1953
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Cricket 21 July 1981
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Cricket 6 July 1992
Bangladesh Bangladesh Cricket Board 26 June 2000

In addition to ten full members, the ICC also has over 35 associate members and roughly 60 affiliate members.